The history of Paints is about 30,000 years old. Cave dwellers used crude paints to leave behind the graphic representations of their lives that even today decorate the walls of their ancient rock dwellings. Paint, usually the group of emulsions generally consisting of pigments suspended in a liquid medium for use as decorative or protective coatings.
The paint and coatings industry, however, had to wait for the Industrial Revolution before it became a recognized element of the advanced economy. The first recorded paint mill in America was reportedly established in Boston in 1700 by Thomas Child. A century and a half later, in 1867, D.R. Averill of Ohio patented the first prepared or “ready mixed” paints in the United States.
Besides mechanizing and professionalizing the paint industry, the Industrial Revolution also created vast new markets for paints and coatings. Virtually every product created on an assembly line — from the Model T Ford to the latest-model television — makes extensive use of paints and coatings to beautify, protect and extend the life of the manufactured goods.
Many of today’s paints and coatings may go unnoticed by the consumer, but play immeasurably valuable roles in delivering high-quality foodstuffs, durable goods, housing, furniture and thousands of other products to market. Total sales for the industry were approximately $22 billion in 2014.
Contemporary paints and coatings consist of countless compounds uniquely formulated to fulfill the varied requirements of hundreds of thousands of applications. “Paint” ranges from the broad group of environmentally-sound latex paints that many consumers use to decorate and protect their homes and the translucent coatings that line the interior of food containers, to the chemically-complex, multi-component finishes that automobile manufacturers apply on the assembly line.
However you look at it, paints and coatings have evolved from the simple Early Man colors on cave walls into a primary protective barrier between our possessions and our environment.
Paints and coatings enhance the value of everything by protecting and beautifying the surfaces to which they are applied — from homes and manufactured products, to bridges and other structures. This enhancement adds value far beyond the cost of buying or applying the paint or coating. Think of the value added to appliances, metal and wood furniture, hardware, lighting fixtures, factories, cars, buses trucks, airlines . . . the list is endless. Practically every man-made product has a coating that is necessary to protect it and maintain its usefulness.
Paints industry creates the scope of employment for millions of people, from chemist to production people, from sales & marketing, distribution to application. There are more than 5 thousand paint selling shops across the country.
The coating is a general term for any application of material layer on the substrate or surface. Painting is one kind of coating process (usually polymer or slurry based whose are applied via brush or spray). The coating can also be done via paint, chemical or physical deposition, electroplating, etc…
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